Review of the National Center for Digitization

Publisher: Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade

ISSN: 1820-0109

Issue: 30

Year: 2017

NCD Review


Mirjana Maljković, Biljana Stojanović and Žarko Mijajlović

In this paper we present the website Digital Legacy of professor Slaviša Prešić. Professor Prešić was prominent Serbian mathematician and the former professor at the University of Belgrade. The website is an extension of the project of the Faculty of Mathematics in Belgrade - Digital Legacy, which consists of digital legacies dedicated to Serbian mathematicians: Milutin Milanković, Bogdan Gavrilović and Anton Bilimovič.

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Nikola Smolenski, Nemanja Zikic, Matea Milosevic, Milena Kostic, dr Vasilije Milnovic and dr Adam Sofronijevic

Keywords: digitization process, digital tools, University Library “Svetozar Markovic”

In 2016 the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” in cooperation with eight partner institutions started a project entitled “New Horizon of Digitization in Serbia” which was funded by the Ministry of Culture and Information of the Republic of Serbia. The aim of the project was to improve the main segments of digitization which were developed properly and to apply new digitization methods in as many institutions in Serbia in a standardized way. New digitization methods and approaches used in this project mostly come from the cooperation of the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” with the world leading institutions such as the British National Library or result from the in-house development of digital tools which improve segments of digitization process. During 2016 the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” in cooperation with the British National Library carried out the project entitled “Safeguarding the fragile collection of the private archive of the Lazic family” within which it acquired rich experience in enhancing digitization process. This paper presents several segments which show how the digitization process is improved within the project. Possibilities and practice of creation of master files of digital copies of important documents which contain colour and size references which began at the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” are described in the paper. Importance and selectivity of the application of this method and its consequences for digitization practice are also portrayed especially with regard to processes of long-term storing of digital copies. The need for the application of publicly available mechanisms for authentification of digital materials is defined and types of digital materials to which this method should be applied are considered as well as possibilities for the application of the model in practice. The paper outlines the need for the full searchability of digital text in materials which are presented to patrons and which portray the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” experience on the example of a searchable collection of historical newspapers. Two methods for creating searchable texts are outlined: via the creation of METS-ALTO files in case of printed materials and via automatic recognition of the handwritten text. The paper defines steps in the creation, long-term preservation and presentation of METS-ALTO files based on the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” experience and describes digital tools necessary for carrying out these steps, docWorks programme, a professional repository for long-term preservation and display of digital materials Therefore and a system for searching and display of searchable texts developed by the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” in cooperation with the National Library of Luxembourg. The scope and possibilities for automatic recognition of the handwritten text based on the present experience coming from the participation of the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” in Horizon2020 READ are described and the digital tool Transcribus which is applied in the process. Finally, the needs of patron groups in working with digital materials and possibilities for their display and promotion in the modern business environment of libraries are analyzed. The paper describes in detail the experience of using the promotional device Magic Box at the University Library “Svetozar Markovic” and outlines analysis and scenarios of its application in cultural institutions. This paper is an overview of the possibilities and first experiences of improving digitization process which will mark the following development of the field in Serbia and the region.

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Snežana Popović, Nina Krstić and Zoran Cvetković

Keywords., Linked Open Data, semantic enrichment, effective annotation, artwork images

The process of digitization of cultural property has multiple targets, defined by the strategy of cultural institutions. First, digitization contributes to the protection of cultural properties by obtaining all related data and their representative archive images. Besides, images of digitalized properties have a significant role in the online presentation and promotion of cultural artefacts. This paper presents our research and cognition about prerequisites and promising ways of successful presentation and promotion of digitized cultural artefacts on the Web. The fact is that today's Web is an immeasurable repository of data and images. Thus, it is difficult to achieve satisfactory promotional results, if images of cultural artefacts are not described on the Web.In addition, the benefits of available technologies and vocabularies, applicable for effective semantic annotation of images were studied. We concluded that the use of and Getty vocabulary, followed by JSON-LD serialization, contributed to more accurate description and categorization of cultural property images. We applied and checked the conclusions of our research within the project "Marginal Art in Serbia". The project examines professional interpretation and Web promotion of marginal artists’ artworks from the collection of Museum of Naïve and Marginal Art (MNMA), Jagodina. The review of the Project’s final results confirms that Google recognized our semantically annotated images as structured data, classifying them into the related categories and assigning them high ranking in its indexes.

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Gyula Mester

Keywords. h-index, total number of citations, Hungarian researchers born in Vojvodina, ranking, WOS, SCOPUS, Publish or Perish, Google Scholar.

Using the h-index and the total number of citations in natural sciences, techniques and human sciences in this paper the best 10 Hungarian researchers born in Vojvodina are ranked. The list may be formed based on the h-index and the total number of citations, given in WOS-a (Web of Science), Scopus, Publish or Perish Program and Google Scholar. The data for 340 Hungarian researches that were born in Vojvodina were processed. Data for the first 10 researches with h-index>10 were presented. Among different sources for calculating h-index Google Scholar is the most complete. Therefore, to define a single indicator, h-index calculated by Google Scholar may be a good and simple one. The author chooses the Google Scholar database as it is the widest one.

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Aleksandra Zdravkovic, Sinisa Tomovic, Milan Todorovic, Vladisav Jelisavcic, Marija Segan, Sandra Vujosevic, Aleksandra Arsic, Bojan Marinkovic, Ivana Djurkovic Djordjevic, Marija Vasiljevic, Radovan Cukic and Ada Vlajic

Keywords. Photo-archive, Visual Archive of Yugoslavia, digitization

Photographic material of Museum of Yugoslav History is consisted of photos, glass plate and film negatives and photo albums. Materialcan be found in the following collections: Photo Archive of Josip Broz Tito, The collections of gifts presented to Josip Broz Tito: photo albums, framed portraits and slides, A collection of images of Josip Broz Tito with photo and cinema equipment, A collection of reportage 1944-1947, Photo Archive of Museum of the Revolution of nations and nationalities of Yugoslavia with a collection of photo albums, and Stevan Kragujević Bequest. The process of photo archive digitization was started in 2012 with the support of Telenor Foundation. The result of the cooperation was digitization of 132,000 photographs that documented the socio-political activity of Josip Broz Tito from 1947 to 1980 and are available on the web at The signing of the agreement between the Museum of Yugoslav History and the University of Basel marked the beginning of a major joint project named Visual Archive of Yugoslavia. This project represents further development of the digitization process started in 2012. and it isas part of the SCOPES programme (Scientific co-operation between Eastern Europe and Switzerland) which is aimed at safeguarding and promoting the visual heritage of Yugoslavia. The project objectives are the development of infrastructure for digitization, improving the methodology of processing, digitizing over 50,000 negatives, development of a database and web portal for presentation of photo material from museum collections in cooperation with Mathematical Institute SANU, organizing student practice at the museum in a collaboration with the Center for museology and heritology at Faculty of Philosophy and Faculty of Media and Communicationsat University of Belgrade, organization of workshops and exhibitions in a cooperation with a partner on the project, data exchange with the portal Visual Archive Southeastern Europe (VASE) and publication of the manual based on the best practices of digitization process. In this paper will be presented the technical platform of the final solution, metadata schemas and vocabulary for describing the structure and the current progress of the project.

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Aleksandra Zdravkovic, Sinisa Tomovic, Milan Todorovic, Vladisav Jelisavcic, Aleksandra Arsic, Bojan Marinkovic, Milica Knezevic, Miroljub Stojanovic and Ivana Djurkovic Djordjevic

Keywords. SerbiaForum, digitization, collections

Digital National Library of Serbia includes a large number of digitized collections that are continuously enriched with new contents. Some of the collections are Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Handwritten Periodicals, Cyrillic Manuscripts, Audiobooks, Old Printed Books, Photographic documents, Posters and documentary material. Collection of Handwritten Periodicals includes 15 titles that were created in the period from 1874 to 1995. 14 out of 15 titles represent periodicals which has at least one edition that is entirelyhand-written, while the remaining title is address typing – machine typed, yet supplemented by hand to a lesser extent. From these 15 titles, 14 represents periodicals which are at least oneedition hand-printed in its entirety, while the remaining address typing - typed on the machine, but to a lesser extent, supplemented by hand. Collection of cyrillic manuscripts NBS contains digital copies of selected pages from 180 cyrillic manuscripts of the National Library of Serbia.The collection of audiobooks contains pieces of Bora Stankovic, Branislav Nusic, as well as publications from the portal "Great War" in audio format, available to users for direct playback using the embedded player. Collection of old printed books contains a selection of 16 library units, among which are mainly represented edition of Cetinje and the Venetian editions of Bozidar Vicenca Vukovic. The collection of photographic documents contains digital copies of old photos and postcards from the collection of photographic documents of special funds of National Library of Serbia. Collection of posters and documentary material is a set of digital copies of old posters and ephemeral material from the Graphic collection and Collection of documentary material of special funds of National Library of Serbia. This collection contains collection of theater posters which have been printed in the territory of the Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the period from the mid-19th century to 1945. The technical backbone of the Digital National Library of Serbia is Serbia Forum[2], which is based on the principles of electronic encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia. The main part of the system is a tree-structure of pages, which represent collections, subcollections or digital objects themselves. Serbia Forum is a modular system that supports easy creation and installation of new modules with new functionalities. Some of the most important modules are: an electronic book reader, audio player, system metadata of digitized objects, metadata search system and a module that supports the Open Access Interface protocol. In this paper, authors will present the improvement of existing modules, and will feature some of the new functionality of the system.

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